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Chlorine pentafluoride



Chlorine pentafluoride
Identifiers
CAS number 13637-63-3
Properties
Molecular formula ClF5
Molar mass 130.45 g mol−1
Melting point

−103 °C

Boiling point

−13.1 °C

Thermochemistry
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
−238.49 kJ mol−1
Standard molar
entropy
So298
310.73 J K−1 mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Chlorine pentafluoride has formula ClF5. It was first synthesized in 1963.[1]

Its square pyramidal structure with C4v symmetry was confirmed by its high resolution19F NMR spectrum.[2]

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Preparation

Initially, a common method for synthesis of this hypervalent molecule was to react ClF3 with F2 at high temperatures and high pressures. Also, reacting metal fluorides, MClF4 (i.e. KClF4, RbClF4, CsClF4) with F2 produced ClF5 and the corresponding MF.[1] In 1981, researchers found that NiF2 is an excellent catalyst for generating ClF5.[3]

Reactions

ClF5 reacts readily with water to produce FClO4 and HF. It also a strong fluorinating agent. While unreactive with first row nonmetals, it reacts readily with second and third row nonmetals at room temperature.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Smith D. F. (1967). "Chlorine Pentafluoride". Science 141 (3585): 1039 - 1040. doi:10.1126/science.141.3585.1039.
  2. ^ a b Pilipovich, D., Maya, W., Lawton, E.A., Bauer, H.F., Sheehan, D. F., Ogimachi, N. N., Wilson, R. D., Gunderloy, F. C., Bedwell, V. E. (1967). "Chlorine pentafluoride. Preparation and Properties". Inorganic Chemistry 6 (10): 1918. doi:10.1021/ic50056a036.
  3. ^ Šmalc, A., Žemva, B., Slivnik, J., and Lutar K. (1981). "On the Synthesis of Chlorine Pentafluoride". Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 17: 381-383.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Chlorine_pentafluoride". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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