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Clara Immerwahr (June 21, 1870 – May 2, 1915) was a German chemist and the wife of Fritz Haber, who was most widely known for his development of the Haber-Bosch process, an effective method of synthesizing ammonia.
Additional recommended knowledge
Marriage and work
Constrained by the female stereotypes of the time, her scientific research was hindered. She instead contributed to her husband's work without recognition, translating his works into the English language.
Confiding in a friend, Immerwahr bemoaned her newfound subservient role as a housewife:
During World War I, Haber became a staunch supporter of the German military effort and played an important role in the development of chemical weapons (particularly poison gases). His efforts would culminate in the first gas attack in military history in Flanders, Belgium on April 22 1915. Haber thereafter returned home to Berlin.
Shortly after his return, Immerwahr picked up Haber's military pistol and shot herself in the chest. She died in her son's arms. The morning after her death, Haber immediately left home to stage the first gas attack against the Russians on the Eastern Front.  Her suicide remained largely in the dark; it was never in the newspapers and there is no evidence of an autopsy. The undocumented nature of her death has led to much controversy as to her motives.
Haber later left Germany because of Nazi persecution. Immerwahr's son, Hermann Haber, immigrated to the United States and later committed suicide in 1946.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Clara_Immerwahr". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|