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ConocoPhillips



ConocoPhillips Company
Public (NYSE: COP)
FoundedAugust 30, 2002 (merger)
1875 (Conoco)
1917 (Phillips)[2]
HeadquartersHouston, Texas, USA
Key peopleJames Mulva, CEO & Chairman
John Carrig, CFO
IndustryOil and Gasoline
ProductsPetrochemical
Revenue$188.52 Billion USD (2006)[1]
Net income$15.55 Billion USD (2006)[1]
Employees38,000 (2006)
Websitewww.conocophillips.com

ConocoPhillips Company (NYSE: COP) is an international energy corporation with its headquarters located in Houston, Texas. It was created through the merger of Conoco Inc. and the Phillips Petroleum Company on August 30, 2002. Headquarters are based in Houston, Texas in the United States, and offices are located worldwide. It is one of the six "supermajor" vertically integrated oil companies.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Overview

ConocoPhillips employs approximately 38,700 people worldwide in more than 40 countries. As of 2006, their 12 U.S. refineries had a combined crude processing capacity of 2,208,000 barrels per day (BPD) making it the second-largest refiner in the United States. Worldwide, they have a combined crude processing capacity of 2,901,000 BPD making it the fifth-largest refiner in the world.

Business units

Refining & Marketing

ConocoPhillips operates 19 refineries around the world.

NameLocationCrude Processing Capacity (KBD)
Wood River RefineryRoxana, IL, USA306
Wilhelmshaven RefineryWilhelmshaven, Germany260
Alliance RefineryBelle Chasse, LA, USA247
Sweeny RefineryOld Ocean, TX, USA247
Bayway RefineryLinden, NJ, USA238
Lake Charles RefineryWestlake, LA, USA239
Humber RefineryNorth Linconshire, UK229
Ponca City RefineryPonca City, OK, USA187
Trainer RefineryTrainer, PA, USA185
Borger RefineryBorger, TX, USA146
Los Angeles RefineryCarson/Wilmington, CA, USA139
San Francisco RefineryArroyo Grande/Rodeo, CA, USA120
Ferndale RefineryFerndale, WA, USA105
Whitegate RefineryCork, Ireland71
Billings RefineryBillings, MT, USA58
Melaka RefineryMelaka, Malaysia58
MIRO Refinery*Karlsruhe, Germany56
Czech Refineries*Kralupy & Litvinov, Czech Republic27

* Denotes joint ventures. Crude capacity reflects that proportion.

In the United States, the company operates Conoco, Phillips 66, and (Union) 76 (which was part of Unocal for many years, later a Tosco brand before that company was bought by Phillips) retail gas stations.

In Europe, it operates Jet filling stations in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Sweden, Thailand (now take over by PTT) and the United Kingdom.

ProJET was the brand operated in Malaysia, Turkpetrol in Turkey, and COOP in Switzerland.

History

  • In 2005, the corporation began rebranding their (Union) 76 gas stations, prompting a petition campaign by fans hoping to save the historic 76 orange ball signage[3]. On January 20, 2007, a Wall Street Journal article on the petition campaign included a statement from ConocoPhillips that it was changing course and would be saving several dozen orange and blue 76 Balls to give to museums, as well as fabricating about one hundred spherical 76-logo signs in the ConocoPhillips color scheme of red and blue, to be placed at select 76 stations.
  • On March of 2006, ConocoPhillips bought Burlington Resources.
  • On May 10, 2006, Richard Armitage, former deputy-secretary of the U.S. State Department, was elected to the board of directors of the ConocoPhillips oil company.

Environmental record

On April 11, 2007, ConocoPhillips became the first U.S. oil company to join the U.S. Climate Action Partnership, an alliance of big business and environmental groups that in January sent a letter to President George W. Bush stating that mandatory emissions caps are needed to reduce the flow of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases into the atmosphere. ConocoPhillips has said it will spend $150 million this year on the research and development of new energy sources and technologies— a 50 percent increase in spending from 2006.[4]

A recent University of Massachusetts study has ranked ConocoPhillips third among U.S. corporate producers of air pollution. According to the researchers, ConocoPhillips facilities release more than eight million pounds of toxic chemicals annually into the air.[5] The company has also been implicated in some of the United States' worst toxic waste dumps; the Center for Public Integrity has announced that United States Environmental Protection Agency documents link ConocoPhillips to 52 Superfund sites.[6]

In 2003, ConocoPhillips was named as a defendant in a lawsuit brought by a Georgian environmental group called Green Alternative. The suit claimed that a number of foreign oil companies colluded with the Georgian government to induce authorities to approve a $3 billion pipeline without properly evaluating environmental impact.[7]

In 2007, a number of environmental groups including the Sierra Club and the Prairie Rivers Network announced their support for ConocoPhillips' plan to expand its Wood River oil refinery. A spokesperson for the group said that, despite ConocoPhillips' history of environmental policy violations, she was optimistic that the corporation would comply with pollution laws as it expanded the refinery.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Conoco Phillips posts 13% drop in quarterly profit. Anchorage Daily News. Published 2007-01-25. Last Retrieved 2007-02-01.
  2. ^ ConocoPhillps. Company History. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  3. ^ Save the 76 Ball website
  4. ^ John Porretto. "ConocoPhillips joins climate group", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, April 11, 2007. 
  5. ^ Political Economy Research Institute
  6. ^ Center for Public Integrity
  7. ^ Houston Business Journal
  8. ^ St. Louis Post-Dispatch
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "ConocoPhillips". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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