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Corannulene



Corannulene
IUPAC name Dibenzo[ghi,mno]fluoranthene
Other names [5]circulene
Identifiers
CAS number 5821-51-2
SMILES C1(C=CC3=C2 C4=C(C=CC(C=C6) =C45)C=C3) =C2C5=C6C=C1
Properties
Molecular formula C20H10
Molar mass 250.29 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Corannulene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon with chemical formula C20H10 [1]. The molecule consists of a cyclopentane ring fused with 5 benzene rings. It is of scientific interest because it is a geodesic polyarene and can be considered a fragment of buckminsterfullerene. Due to this connection and also its bowl shape, corannulene is also known as a buckybowl. Corannulene exhibits a bowl-to-bowl inversion with an inversion barrier of 10.2 kcal/mol (42.7 kJ/mol) at −64 °C.

Additional recommended knowledge

Several synthetic routes exist to corannulene. Flash vacuum pyrolysis techniques generally have low chemical yields but one organic synthesis exists based on solution chemistry [2] consisting of a nucleophilic displacementelimination reaction of an octabromide with potassium hydroxide:

The bromine substituents are removed with an excess of n-butyllithium.

The observed aromaticity for this compound is explained with a so-called annulene-within-anannulene model. According to this model corannulene is made up of an aromatic 6 electron cyclopentadienyl anion surrounded by an aromatic 14 electron annulenyl cation. Corannulenes react with alkali metals in a series of one-electron reductions. The corannulene dianion is antiaromatic and tetraanion is again aromatic. With lithium as reducing agent two tetraanions form a supramolecular dimer with two bowls stacked into each other (convex-convex) and with 4 lithium ions in between and 2 pairs above and below the stack.

In one cyclopenta[bc]corannulene a concave - concave aggregate is observed by NMR spectroscopy with 2 C–Li–C bonds connecting the tetraanions [3].

See also

References

  1. ^  Geodesic polyarenes with exposed concave surfaces Lawrence T. Scott, Hindy E. Bronstein, Dorin V. Preda, Ronald B. M. Ansems, Matthew S. Bratcher and Stefan Hagen Pure & Appl. Chem., Vol. 71, No. 2, pp. 209–219, 1999. Article
  2. ^  A Simple, Large-Scale Synthesis of the Corannulene System A. Sygula and P. W. Rabideau, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 6323 2000. Support info Abstract
  3. ^  Reduction of Bowl-Shaped Hydrocarbons: Dianions and Tetraanions of Annelated Corannulenes Ivan Aprahamian, Dorin V. Preda, Mihail Bancu, Anthony P. Belanger, Tuvia Sheradsky, Lawrence T. Scott, and Mordecai Rabinovitz J. Org. Chem.; 2006; 71(1) pp 290 - 298; (Article) DOI: 10.1021/jo051949c Abstract
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Corannulene". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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