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Cutin is one of two waxy polymers, which are the main components of the plant cuticle which covers all aerial surfaces of plants. The other major cuticle polymer is cutan. Cutin consists of hydroxy-fatty acids and their derivatives which are interlinked via ester bonds, forming a polyester polymer of indeterminate size.
Additional recommended knowledge
There are two major monomer families of cutin, the C16 and C18 families. The C16 family consists mainly of 16-hydroxypalmitate and 9,16 or 10,16-dihydroxypalmitate. The C18 family consists mainly of 18-hydroxyoleate, 9,10-epoxy-18-hydroxystearate, and 9,10,18-trihydroxystearate.
Cutin is sometimes confused with suberin.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cutin". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|