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Cycloalkyne



 

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In organic chemistry, a cycloalkyne is a hydrocarbon, which is the cyclic analog of an alkyne. A cycloalkyne consists of a closed ring of carbon atoms containing one or more triple bonds. Because of the linear nature of the C-CΞC-C alkyne unit, cycloalkynes are usually highly strained and can only exist when the number of carbon atoms in the ring is great enough to provide the flexibility necessary to accommodate this geometry. Consequently, cyclooctyne (C8H12) is the smallest cycloalkyne capable of being isolated and stored as a stable compound.[1] Despite this, smaller cycloalkynes can be produced and trapped by a suitable reagent.


Synthesis

Cycloalkynes can be produced via β-elimination reactions with an analogous substituted cycloalkene. Alternatively, they can be produced by the ring expansion of a cyclic alkylidinecarbene.[2]


References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ An experimental and theoretical evaluation of the intramolecular reactions of cyclohexyne John Tseng, Michael L. McKee, and Philip B. Shevlin J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1987; 109(18) pp 5474 - 5477; doi:10.1021/ja00252a028
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cycloalkyne". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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