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Duboisia



For the orchid genus, see Myoxanthus.
Duboisia

Duboisia myoporoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Cestroideae
Tribe: Anthocercideae
Genus: Duboisia
Type genus
Duboisia myoporoides
R.Br. 1802
Species
  • Duboisia arenitensis Craven, Lepschi & Haegi
  • Duboisia hopwoodii (F.Muell.) F.Muell.
  • Duboisia leichhardtii (F.Muell.) F.Muell.
  • Duboisia myoporoides R.Br.

Additional recommended knowledge

Description

Duboisia (commonly called Corkwood Tree) is a genus of small perennial shrubs to trees about 14 m tall, with extremely light wood and a thick corky bark.

They are native to Australia and New Caledonia.

The alternate, glabrous leaves are narrow and elliptical. The inflorescence is an open cymose panicle of apically small white flowers, sometimes with a purple or mauve striped tube. They flower profusely in spring. The fruit is a small, globular, black, juicy berry.

The leaves of Duboisia leichhardtii and Duboisia myoporoides contain the pharmaceutically important ingredients scopolamine and hyoscyamine and some other accompanying minor alkaloids. A derivative of scopolamine is the main active ingredient of the drug butylscopolamine, a potent antispasmodic and analgesic. These trees are commercially grown for the pharmaceutical industry.

Indigenous Australian pituri preparation

It is used by Australian aboriginals as trade between themselves and the Torres Strait Islanders. Australian Aborigines chew the nicotine-containing dried leaves of Duboisia hopwoodii, mixed with ash from Acacia species. They call this pituri. The paleontologist, Dr. Gavin Young, named the fossil agnathan Pituriaspis doylei after pituri, as he thought he may have been hallucinating upon viewing the fossil fish's bizarre form.

List of plant species used to make ashes for Indigenous Australian pituri preparation:[1]

There is not much information regarding what if any psychoactive alkaloids might be present in the ash itself, since combustion tends to destroy or evaporate away alkaloids. The ash is said to be an important component in pituri preparation.

Duboisia arenitensis is a new Australian species, described in 1995.

Duboisia is used in homeopathy to treat problems with the mind, imbalance, conjuctivitis of the eye, dry cough and numbness of the extemities. [2]

Footnote

  1. ^ Duboisia hopwoodii - Pituri Bush - Solanaceae - Central America
  2. ^ Homeopathic Materia Medica
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Duboisia". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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