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Ethane (data page)

This page provides supplementary chemical data on ethane.


Material Safety Data Sheet

The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommend that you seek the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for this chemical from a reliable source such as SIRI, and follow its directions.

Structure and properties

Structure and properties
Index of refraction, nD  ?
Abbe number ?
Dielectric constant, εr  ? ε0 at ? °C
Bond strength  ?
Bond length  ?
Bond angle  ?
Magnetic susceptibility  ?
Surface tension 21.16 dyn/cm at –119.9°C

Thermodynamic properties

Phase behavior
Triple point 91 K (–182 °C), 1.1 Pa
Critical point 305.3 K (32.2 °C), 4.9 MPa
Std enthalpy change
of fusion
, ΔfusHo
9.76 kJ/mol at –182°C
Std entropy change
of fusion, ΔfusSo
6.46 J/(mol·K) at –182°C
Std enthalpy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapHo
crystal I → liquid
14.703 kJ/mol at –89.0°C
Std entropy change
of vaporization, ΔvapSo
crystal I → liquid
79.87 J/(mol·K) at –89.0°C
Std enthalpy change
of state transition, ΔtrsHo
crystal II → crystal I
2.282 kJ/mol at –183.3°C
Std entropy change
of state transition, ΔtrsSo
crystal II → crystal I
25.48 kJ/mol at –183.3°C
Solid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHosolid
 ? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
 ? J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp  ? J/(mol K)
Liquid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHoliquid
 ? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
126.7 J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp 68.5 J/(mol K) at –179°C
Gas properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHogas
–83.8 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
173.8 J/(mol K)
Enthalpy of combustion, ΔcHo –1560.7 kJ/mol
Heat capacity, cp 52.49 J/(mol K) at 25°C
van der Waals' constants[1] a = 556.2 L2 kPa/mol2
b = 0.6380 liter per mole

Vapor pressure of liquid

P in mm Hg 1 10 40 100 400 760 1520 3800 7600 15200 30400 45600
T in °C –159.5 –142.9 –129.8 –119.3 –99.6 –88.6 –75.0 –52.8 –32.0 –6.4 23.6  —

Table data obtained from CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 44th ed.


Spectral data

λmax  ? nm
Extinction coefficient, ε  ?
Major absorption bands  ? cm−1
Proton NMR  
Carbon-13 NMR  
Other NMR data  
Masses of
main fragments


  1. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry 10th ed, pp 1522-1524
  2. ^ Pure Component Properties (Queriable database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved on 8 May 2007.

Except where noted otherwise, data relate to standard ambient temperature and pressure.

Disclaimer applies.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ethane_(data_page)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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