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Ethyl nitrate

Ethyl nitrate
IUPAC name Ethyl nitrate
Other names Nitric acid, ethyl ester
CAS number 625-58-1
PubChem 12259
Molecular formula C2H5NO3
Molar mass 91.07 g/mol
Appearance Liquid
Melting point

-102 °C

Boiling point

87 °C

Related Compounds
Related compounds Methyl nitrate
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Ethyl nitrate has formula C2H5NO3. It is used in organic synthesis and an intermediate in the preparation of some drugs, dyes, and perfumes.[citation needed]

Ethyl nitrate are is found in the atmosphere, where it can react with other gases to form smog. Originally thought to be a pollutant mainly formed by the combustion of fossil fuels, recent analysis of ocean water samples revealed that in places where cool water rises from the deep, the water was saturated with alkyl nitrates, suggesting that they might be formed by natural processes.[1]

Ethyl nitrate has been prepared by bubbling gaseous FNO2 through ethanol at -10 °C.[2] The reaction was subsequently studied in detail.[3]


  1. ^ S. Perkins. "Ocean yields gases that had seemed humanmade", Science News, August 12,2002. 
  2. ^ G. Hetherington and R. L. Robinson (1954). "Nitryl fluoride as a nitrating agent". J. Chem. Soc.. doi:10.1039/JR9540003512.
  3. ^ B. S. Fedorov and L. T. Eremenko (1997). "Nitration of alcohols by nitryl fluoride". Russian Chemical Bulletin 46 (5). doi:10.1007/BF02496138.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ethyl_nitrate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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