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The Favorskii reaction (not to be confused with the Favorskii rearrangement), named for the Russian chemist Alexei Yevgrafovich Favorskii, is a special case of nucleophilic attack on a carbonyl group involving a terminal alkyne with acidic protons.
Additional recommended knowledge
When catalyzed by acid, this reaction is called the Meyer-Schuster rearrangement.
A metal acetylide is formed in situ when an alkyne is treated with a strong bases such as a hydroxide or an alkoxide. The metal acetylide then reacts with an aldehyde or ketone to form a propargyl alcohol. When an alpha hydrogen is present (as is the case when the carbonyl is an aldehyde), it will tautomerize to the corresponding enone.
This reaction is used as a protect alkynes: the alkyne is either converted with acetone to a 2-hydroxyprop-2-yl-alkyne or converted directly with the commercially available 3-methyl-1-butyne-3-ol also to a protected alkyne. The protective group can be removed by heating the compound in a solution of potassium hydroxide in isopropanol (a retro-Favorskii reaction).
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Favorskii_reaction". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|