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IUPAC name (Z)-2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)prop-2-enamide
Other names Tofuron,

2-(2-Furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acrylic acid amide,
a-(Furyl)-b-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acrylic amide,
2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl) acrylamide,
2-Furanacetamide, alpha-((5-nitro-2-furanyl)methylene)- [1],[2]

Abbreviations AF-2, FF
CAS number 3688-53-7
PubChem 5280707
SMILES C1=COC(=C1)C(=CC2=CC=C(O2)[N+](=O)[O-])C(=O)N
Molecular formula C11H8N2O5
Molar mass 248.19162
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Furylfuramide is a synthetic nitrofuran derivative which was widely used as a food preservative in Japan since at least 1965, but withdrawn from the market in 1974 when it was observed to be mutagenic to bacteria in vitro and thus suspected of carcinogenicity. This was confirmed later when animal testing[3] found it to cause benign and malignant tumors in the mammary glands, stomachs, esophagi, and lungs of rodents of both sexes, although insufficient evidence exists in human exposure.[2]

This successful use of bacterial mutagenicity as a screen for carcinogenicity confirmed the use of this methodology as a rapid and efficient test, in comparison to animal testing alone, and led to its further development. The availability of such simpler tests in turn gave rise to greater government oversight and testing of compounds to which the public would be exposed.[4]


  1. ^ On-Line Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ a b , vol. 31 Some Food Additives, Feed Additives and Naturally Occurring Substances: Summary of Data Reported and Evaluation, World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1998-04-16,
  3. ^ Hayatsu, Hiroka (1991). Mutagens in Food: Detection and Prevention. CRC Press, 286 pages. ISBN 0849358779. 
  4. ^ Tazima, Y (April, 1979), " ", Environmental Health Perspectives 29: 183-187,
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Furylfuramide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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