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Gamboge is a rather transparent dark mustard yellow pigment.
Additional recommended knowledge
Gamboge is most often extracted by tapping from the Garcinia hanburyi tree. The trees must be ten years old before they are tapped. The resin is extracted by making spiral incisions in the bark, and by breaking off leaves and shoots and letting the milky yellow resinous gum drip out. The resulting latex is collected in hollow bamboo. After the latex is congealed, the bamboo is broken away and large rods of raw gamboge remain.
The first recorded use of gamboge as a color name in English was in 1634. 
Etymology of gamboge
The word gamboge comes from gambogium, the Latin word for the pigment, which derives from Gambogia, the Latin word for Cambodia. 
Gamboge in human culture
|Orange||Amber||Coral||Dark salmon||Gamboge||International orange||Mahogany||Peach||Peach-orange||Peach-yellow||Pink-orange||Persimmon||Pumpkin|
|Rust||Safety orange||Salmon||Tangerine||Tenné (Tawny)||ECE Amber/SAE Yellow||Vermilion||Burnt Orange||Apricot||Carrot Orange||Orange Peel||Orange (web)||Brown|
|Orange-Red||Harley Davidson Orange|
|Amber||Apricot||Beige||Buff||Chartreuse yellow||Corn||Cream||Dark Goldenrod||Ecru||Flax||Gamboge||Golden||Goldenrod||Golden poppy||Golden yellow|
|Green-yellow||Khaki||Lemon||Lemon Chiffon||Lime||Metallic Gold||Mustard||Navajo white||Old Gold||Olive||Papaya whip||Peach-yellow||Pear||Saffron||School bus yellow|
|Selective yellow||Tangerine yellow||Yellow|