Guanidine nitrate has chemical formula C(NH2)3NO3. It has been used as a monopropellant in the Jetex engine for model airplanes. It is attractive because it has a high gas output, low flame temperature, and non-toxic combustion products. It has a relatively high monopropellant specific impulse of 177 seconds ().
Decomposes below boiling point
R23, R24, R25
Solubility in Water
May explosively decompose on shock, friction, or concussion.
May explode on heating.
On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes including nitric acid and nitrogen oxides.
The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts with combustible and reducing materials.
Routes of Exposure: The substance can be absorbed into the body by ingestion.
Inhalation Risk: A nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered.
Effects of Short-Term Exposure: The substance is severely irritating to the eyes and the skin.
Stability: May explode if heated. May be shock sensitive.
Toxicology: Toxic if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through the skin.