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In chemistry, hydron is the general name for the positive hydrogen H+ cation.
Additional recommended knowledge
Hydron is the name for positive hydrogen ions without regard to nuclear mass, or positive ions formed from natural hydrogen (hydrogen that has not been subjected to isotope separation).
Traditionally, the term "proton" was and is used in place of "hydron", by itself and in many chemical terms. However, such usage is technically incorrect, as only 99.999% of natural hydrogen nuclei are protons; the rest are deuterons and rare tritons.
The negatively-charged counterpart of the hydron is the hydride anion, H-.
Specific varieties of hydron
Proton, having the symbol p or 1H+, refers only to the +1 ion of protium, 1H.
Deuteron, having the symbol 2H+ or D+, refers only to the +1 ion of deuterium, 2H or D.
Triton, having the symbol 3H+ or T+, refers only to the +1 ion of tritium, 3H or T.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hydron_(chemistry)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|