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Hydroxycitric acid



Hydroxycitric acid
IUPAC name 1,2-dihydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
Other names Hydroxycitrate
Identifiers
CAS number 6205-14-7
PubChem 123908
SMILES C(C(=O)O)C(C(C(=O)O)O)(C(=O)O)O
Properties
Molecular formula C6H8O8
Molar mass 208.12292
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is a derivative of citric acid that is found in a variety of tropical plants including Garcinia cambogia and Hibiscus subdariffa.[1] Laboratory and animal studies of HCA have produced results that indicate a potential for modulation of lipid metabolism;[2] consequently HCA is an ingredient in some weight loss products and dietary supplements. However, there is no clinical evidence that HCA has any benefit to humans in either of these applications.

Additional recommended knowledge

One isomer of HCA, known as (2S,3R)-HCA, inhibits pancreatic alpha-amylase and intestinal alpha-glucosidase, leading to a reduction in carbohydrate metabolism in vitro.[1] In a study in Zucker rats which are genetically predisposed to obesity, Garcinia cambogia extract containing HCA showed that high doses led to significant suppression of epididymal fat accumulation, but also caused potent testicular atrophy and toxicity.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Yamada T, Hida H, Yamada Y (2007). "Chemistry, physiological properties, and microbial production of hydroxycitric acid". Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 75 (5): 977–82. doi:10.1007/s00253-007-0962-4. PMID 17476502.
  2. ^ Shara M, Ohia SE, Yasmin T, et al (2003). "Dose- and time-dependent effects of a novel (-)-hydroxycitric acid extract on body weight, hepatic and testicular lipid peroxidation, DNA fragmentation and histopathological data over a period of 90 days". Mol. Cell. Biochem. 254 (1-2): 339–46. PMID 14674714.
  3. ^ Saito M, Ueno M, Ogino S, Kubo K, Nagata J, Takeuchi M (2005). "High dose of Garcinia cambogia is effective in suppressing fat accumulation in developing male Zucker obese rats, but highly toxic to the testis". Food Chem. Toxicol. 43 (3): 411–9. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2004.11.008. PMID 15680676.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hydroxycitric_acid". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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