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Indole-3-acetic acid

Indole-3-acetic acid
IUPAC name 2-(1H-indol-3-yl)acetic acid
Other names Indole-3-acetic acid,
indolylacetic acid,
indoleacetic acid,
CAS number 87-51-4
PubChem 802
Molecular formula C10H9NO2
Molar mass 175.184
Melting point

168-170 °C (441-443 K)

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Indole-3-acetic acid, also known as IAA, is a member of the group of phytohormones called auxins. IAA is generally considered to be the most important native auxin.



Main article: Auxin

It is produced in cells in the apex (bud) and young leaves of a plant. Plant cells synthesize IAA from tryptophan. It has many different effects, as all auxins do, such as inducing cell elongation and cell division with all subsequent results for plant growth and development. There are less expensive and metabolically stable synthetic auxin analogs on the market for use in horticulture, such as indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA).

Studies of IAA in the 1940s led to the development of the phenoxy herbicides 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T). Like IBA and NAA, 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T are metabolically and environmentally more stable analogs of IAA. However, when sprayed on broad-leaf dicot plants, they induce rapid, uncontrolled growth, eventually killing them. First introduced in 1946, these herbicides were in widespread use in agriculture by the middle of the 1950s.

Chemical properties of IAA

IAA can be produced by the reaction of indole with potassium glycolate at 250 C, but this compound is chemically unstable in particular when exposed to light or changing temperature.

See also

Additional images

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Indole-3-acetic_acid". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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