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Kornerupine



Kornerupine is a rare boro-silicate mineral with formula: (Mg,Fe2+)4(Al,Fe3+)6(SiO4,BO4)5(O,OH)2. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic - dipyramidal crystal system as brown, green, yellow to colorless slender tourmaline like prisms or in massive fibrous forms. It has a Mohs hardness of 7 and a specific gravity of 3.3 to 3.34. Its indices of refraction are nα=1.660 - 1.671, nβ=1.673 - 1.683 and nγ=1.674 - 1.684.

Additional recommended knowledge

It occurs In boron-rich volcanic and sedimentary rocks which have undergone high grade metamorphism. It is also found in metamorphosed anorthosite complexes.

Kornerupine is valued as a gemstone when it is found in translucent green to yellow shades. The emerald green varieties are especially sought after.

It was first described in 1887 for an occurrence in Fiskernaes in SW Greenland. It was named in honor of the Danish geologist, Andreas Nikolaus Kornerup (1857{1883).

References

  • Mineral data publishing 2001 (PDF)
  • Webmineral data
  • Mindat with locality data
  • Mineral galleries
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Kornerupine". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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