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A lactam (the noun is a portmanteau of the words lactone + amide) is a cyclic amide. Prefixes may indicate the ring size: β-lactam (4-membered), γ-lactam (5-membered), δ-lactam (6-membered ring). That order in the nomenclature is because beta β, gamma γ and delta δ are the second, third and fourth letters in the alphabetical order of the Greek alphabet, respectively.
Additional recommended knowledge
General synthetic methods exist for the organic synthesis of lactams.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lactam". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.