Lansoprazole (lan-SOE-pra-zole, INN) is a proton pump inhibitor which prevents the stomach from producing acid. It is manufactured by TAP Pharmaceutical Products.
Additional recommended knowledge
Lansoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) in the same pharmacologic class as omeprazole. Lansoprazole has been marketed for many years and is one of several PPI's available.
Lansoprazole's plasma elimination half-life is not proportional to the duration of the drug's effects (i.e. gastric acid suppression). The mean plasma elimination half-life is 1.5 hours, and the effects of the drug last for over 24 hours after it has been used for 1 day or more.
Prevacid is now manufactured and distributed by Novartis Consumer Health.
Lansoprazole is indicated for:
- Treatment of ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, and NSAID-induced ulcers
- Treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (also known as acid reflux disease)
- Treatment of Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
- Adjunctive treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, alongside antibiotics
- Infrequent: dry mouth, insomnia, drowsiness, blurred vision, rash, pruritus
- Rarely and very rarely: taste disturbance, liver dysfunction, peripheral oedema, hypersensitivity reactions (including bronchospasm, urinary, angioedema, anaphylaxis), photosensitivity, fever, sweating, depression, interstitial nephritis, blood disorders (including leukopenia, leukocytosis, pancytopenia, thrombocytopenia), arthralgia, myalgia, skin reactions (including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, bullous eruption)
- Severe: Gastro-intestinal disturbances (such as nausea 1.3%, abdominal pain 2.1%, diarrhea 3.8%
The drug is sold with the following brand names:
- Aprazol (Turkey)
- Lansox (Italy)
- Limpidex (Italy)
- Prevacid (U.S. and Canada)
- Takepron (Japan)
- Zoton (Italy, Australia, UK)
- Refluxon (Hungary)
- Duogast (Syria)
- Lanton (Israel)
- Ogast (France)
- SOLOX (New Zealand)
- Prosogan FD (Indonesia)
Lansoprazole is also available as a generic drug in Belgium, Colombia, Italy and Mexico.
- ^ a b Prevacid Pharmacology, Pharmacokinetics, Studies, Metabolism. RxList.com (2007). Retrieved on 2007-04-14.
|Drugs for acid related disorders: Drugs for peptic ulcer and GERD/GORD (A02B)|
|H₂-receptor antagonists||Cimetidine, Famotidine, Nizatidine, Ranitidine, Roxatidine|
|Proton pump inhibitors||Esomeprazole, Lansoprazole, Omeprazole, Pantoprazole, Rabeprazole, Tenatoprazole|
|Other||Carbenoxolone, Sucralfate, Pirenzepine|