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List of alchemists



An alchemist was a person versed in the art of alchemy, an ancient branch of natural philosophy that eventually evolved into chemistry and pharmacology. Alchemy flourished in the Islamic world during the Middle Ages, and then in Europe from the 13th to the 18th centuries.

We know the names and doings of a large number of alchemists, thanks to the numerous alchemical manuscript and books that survived; some of those names are listed below. Possibly there were many more, bent on experimenting than writing, who have left no trace in history.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Legendary alchemists

Egyptian, Classical, and Roman Empire alchemists

  • Plato (ca. 360 BC)
  • Olympiodorus of Thebes (ca. 400)

Indian alchemists

  • Nagarjuna, the 10th century South Indian king
  • Yogi Vemana

Chinese alchemists

  • Zhang Guo the Elder (ca. 600)

Islamic alchemists

Further information: Alchemy (Islam)
  • Khalid ibn Yazid, "Calid" (d. 704)
  • Jabir Ibn Hayyan, the "true Geber" (Iraq, c. 721 - 815)
  • Muhammad ibn Zakarīya Rāzi, "Rhazes" (864 - 930)
  • Al-Farabi, "Alfarabi" (870 -950/951)
  • Al-Kindi, "Alkindus" (801 873), a critic of alchemy
  • Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina, "Avicenna" (980 - 1037), a critic of alchemy

Western alchemists

Revival and New Age alchemists

  • Alexander Shulgin (1925- )
  • Terrence McKenna (1946-2000)
  • Frater Albertus (Dr. Albert Reidel) (1911-1984)
  • Robert Allen Bartlett (1950- )
  • Manfred M. Junius (1929-2004)
  • G. I. Gurdjieff (1866-1949)
  • Diane Di Prima (1932- )
  • Marie-Louise von Franz (1915-1998)
  • Verônica de Thule (1973- )
  • Nicki Scully (1944- )
  • Dennis Hauck (19?- )

Fictional Alchemists

  • Fullmetal Alchemist, Edward Elric (1905-?)
  • Alphonse Elric (1906-?)
  • Flame Alchemist,Roy Mustang
  • Strongarm Alchemist,Alex Louis Armstrong
  • Tim Marcoh
  • Zolf J. Kimblee
  • Hohenheim of Light
  • Dante
  • Atelier Iris,Klein Kliesing,Iris Fortner,Viese and Felt Blanchimont

See also

  • Rudolf Steiner
  • Arthur Edward Waite
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "List_of_alchemists". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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