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List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions



   

Main article: Global warming

Additional recommended knowledge

This is a list of sovereign states by man-made carbon dioxide emissions. Data were collected in 2004 by the CDIAC for United Nations. These data have rapidly dated due to huge growth of emissions in Asia. Until recently the United States was the largest emitter of carbon dioxide emissions.[1] According to a preliminary estimate by The Netherlands Environment Assessment Agency using preliminary data from British Petroleum, China has been the chief emitter since 2006.[2][3]

Some dependencies and territories whose independence has not been generally recognized are also included, as they are in source data.

Certain entities are mentioned here for purposes of comparison. These are indicated in italics and are not counted in the ordering of sovereign states. (See also: carbon cycle)

List of countries by emissions

Rank Country Annual CO2 emissions
in thousands of metric tons
Percentage of total emissions[4]
-  World 27,245,758 100.0 %
1  United States [5] 6,049,435 22.2 %
2  China 5,010,170 18.4 %
-  European Union 3,115,125 11.4 %
3  Russia 1,524,993 5.6 %
4 India 1,342,962 4.9 %
5  Japan 1,257,963 4.6 %
6  Germany 808,767 3.0 %
7  Canada 639,403 2.3 %
8  United Kingdom 587,261 2.2 %
9  South Korea 465,643 1.7 %
10  Italy [6] 449,948 1.7 %
11  Mexico 438,022 1.6 %
12  South Africa 437,032 1.6 %
13  Iran 433,571 1.6 %
14  Indonesia 378,250 1.4 %
15  France [7] 373,693 1.4 %
16  Brazil 331,795 1.2 %
17  Spain 330,497 1.2 %
18  Ukraine 330,039 1.2 %
19  Australia 326,757 1.2 %
20  Saudi Arabia 308,393 1.1 %
21  Poland 307,238 1.1 %
22  Thailand 268,082 1.0 %
23  Turkey 226,125 0.8 %
24  Kazakhstan 200,278 0.7 %
25  Algeria 194,001 0.7 %
26  Malaysia 177,584 0.7 %
27  Venezuela 172,623 0.6 %
28  Egypt 158,237 0.6 %
29  United Arab Emirates 149,188 0.5 %
30  Netherlands 142,061 0.5 %
31  Argentina 141,786 0.5 %
32  Uzbekistan 137,907 0.5 %
33  Pakistan 125,669 0.5 %
34  Czech Republic 116,991 0.4 %
35  Nigeria 114,025 0.4 %
36  Belgium 100,716 0.4 %
37  Kuwait 99,364 0.4 %
38  Vietnam 98,663 0.4 %
39  Greece 96,695 0.4 %
40  Romania 90,425 0.3 %
41  Norway 87,602 0.3 %
42  Iraq 81,652 0.3 %
43  Philippines 80,512 0.3 %
44  North Korea 79,111 0.3 %
45  Israel 71,247 0.3 %
46  Austria 69,846 0.3 %
47  Syria 68,420 0.3 %
48  Finland 65,799 0.2 %
49  Belarus 64,890 0.2 %
50  Chile 62,418 0.2 %
51  Libya 59,914 0.2 %
52  Portugal 58,906 0.2 %
53  Hungary 57,183 0.2 %
54  Colombia 53,634 0.2 %
55  Serbia and Montenegro 53,322 0.2 %
56  Sweden 53,033 0.2 %
57  Denmark 52,956 0.2 %
58  Qatar 52,904 0.2 %
59  Singapore 52,252 0.2 %
60  Bulgaria 42,558 0.2 %
61  Ireland 42,353 0.2 %
62  Turkmenistan 41,726 0.2 %
63  Morocco 41,169 0.2 %
64  Switzerland 40,457 0.2 %
65  Hong Kong 37,411 0.1 %
66  Bangladesh 37,165 0.1 %
67  Slovakia 36,289 0.1 %
68  Trinidad and Tobago 32,557 0.1 %
69  New Zealand 31,570 0.1 %
70  Peru 31,493 0.1 %
71  Azerbaijan 31,365 0.1 %
72  Oman 30,899 0.1 %
73  Ecuador 29,268 0.1 %
74  Cuba 25,818 0.1 %
75  Croatia 23,501 0.1 %
77  Tunisia 22,885 0.1 %
78  Yemen 21,114 0.1 %
79  Dominican Republic 19,640 0.1 %
80  Estonia 18,944 0.1 %
81  Bahrain 16,949 0.1 %
82  Jordan 16,465 0.1 %
83  Lebanon 16,263 0.1 %
84  Slovenia 16,212 0.1 %
85  Bosnia and Herzegovina 15,596 0.1 %
86  Lithuania 13,309 0.1 %
87  Guatemala 12,220 0.1 %
88  Sri Lanka 11,534 <0.1 %
89  Luxembourg 11,277 <0.1 %
90  Jamaica 10,592 <0.1 %
91  Kenya 10,588 <0.1 %
92  Zimbabwe 10,559 <0.1 %
93  Republic of Macedonia 10,420 <0.1 %
94  Sudan 10,372 <0.1 %
95  Myanmar 9,760 <0.1 %
96  Brunei 8,810 <0.1 %
97  Mongolia 8,553 <0.1 %
98  Ethiopia 7,982 <0.1 %
99  Angola 7,897 <0.1 %
100  Moldova 7,685 <0.1 %
101  Honduras 7,615 <0.1 %
102  Ghana 7,190 <0.1 %
103  Latvia 7,098 <0.1 %
104  Bolivia 6,973 <0.1 %
105  Cyprus 6,750 <0.1 %
106  Costa Rica 6,405 <0.1 %
107  El Salvador 6,167 <0.1 %
108  Kyrgyzstan 5,727 <0.1 %
109  Panama 5,661 <0.1 %
110  Uruguay 5,477 <0.1 %
111  Equatorial Guinea 5,426 <0.1 %
112  Côte d'Ivoire 5,162 <0.1 %
113  Tajikistan 5,004 <0.1 %
114  Senegal 4,993 <0.1 %
115  Tanzania 4,352 <0.1 %
116  Botswana 4,301 <0.1 %
117  Paraguay 4,180 <0.1 %
118  Netherlands Antilles 4,088 <0.1 %
119  Nicaragua 4,007 <0.1 %
120  Georgia 3,912 <0.1 %
121  Cameroon 3,839 <0.1 %
122  Albania 3,674 <0.1 %
123  Armenia 3,648 <0.1 %
124  Republic of the Congo 3,542 <0.1 %
125  Mauritius 3,197 <0.1 %
126  Nepal 3,043 <0.1 %
127  Madagascar 2,731 <0.1 %
128  New Caledonia 2,577 <0.1 %
129  Mauritania 2,555 <0.1 %
130  Namibia 2,471 <0.1 %
131  Malta 2,453 <0.1 %
132  Papua New Guinea 2,449 <0.1 %
133  Benin 2,387 <0.1 %
134  Togo 2,310 <0.1 %
135  Zambia 2,288 <0.1 %
136  Suriname 2,284 <0.1 %
137  Réunion 2,277 <0.1 %
138  Iceland 2,229 <0.1 %
139  Macau 2,207 <0.1 %
140  Mozambique 2,167 <0.1 %
141  Aruba 2,156 <0.1 %
142  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,104 <0.1 %
143  Bahamas 2,009 <0.1 %
144  Uganda 1,826 <0.1 %
145  Haiti 1,756 <0.1 %
146  Guadeloupe 1,734 <0.1 %
147  Guyana 1,445 <0.1 %
148  Gabon 1,371 <0.1 %
149  Guinea 1,338 <0.1 %
150  Martinique 1,291 <0.1 %
151  Laos 1,280 <0.1 %
152  Barbados 1,269 <0.1 %
153  Niger 1,214 <0.1 %
154  Burkina Faso 1,096 <0.1 %
155  Fiji 1,071 <0.1 %
156  Malawi 1,045 <0.1 %
157  French Guiana 1,005 <0.1 %
158  Sierra Leone 994 <0.1 %
159  Swaziland 957 <0.1 %
160  Belize 792 <0.1 %
161  Eritrea 755 <0.1 %
162  Maldives 726 <0.1 %
163  Afghanistan 693 <0.1 %
164  French Polynesia 671 <0.1 %
165  Faroe Islands 660 <0.1 %
166  Palestinian Authority 649 <0.1 %
167  Greenland 572 <0.1 %
168  Rwanda 572 <0.1 %
169  Mali 565 <0.1 %
170  Bermuda 550 <0.1 %
171  Seychelles 546 <0.1 %
172  Cambodia 535 <0.1 %
173  Liberia 470 <0.1 %
174  Bhutan 414 <0.1 %
175  Antigua and Barbuda 414 <0.1 %
176  Gibraltar 374 <0.1 %
177  Saint Lucia 367 <0.1 %
178  Djibouti 367 <0.1 %
179  Cayman Islands 312 <0.1 %
180  Gambia 286 <0.1 %
181  Cape Verde 275 <0.1 %
182  Guinea-Bissau 271 <0.1 %
183  Central African Republic 253 <0.1 %
184  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 238 <0.1 %
185  Palau 238 <0.1 %
186  Burundi 220 <0.1 %
187  Grenada 216 <0.1 %
188  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 198 <0.1 %
189  Timor-Leste 176 <0.1 %
190  Solomon Islands 176 <0.1 %
191  Samoa 150 <0.1 %
192  Nauru 143 <0.1 %
193  Saint Kitts and Nevis 125 <0.1 %
194  Chad 125 <0.1 %
195  Tonga 117 <0.1 %
196  Dominica 106 <0.1 %
197  São Tomé and Príncipe 92 <0.1 %
198  Vanuatu 88 <0.1 %
199  Comoros 88 <0.1 %
200  British Virgin Islands 84 <0.1 %
201  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 62 <0.1 %
202  Montserrat 62 <0.1 %
203  Falkland Islands 44 <0.1 %
204  Kiribati 29 <0.1 %
205  Cook Islands 29 <0.1 %
206  Saint Helena 11 <0.1 %
207  Niue 4 <0.1 %

Notes and references

  1. ^ Raupach, M.R., G. Marland, P. Ciais, C. Le Quéré, J.G. Canadell, G. Klepper & C.B. Field. (2007). "Global and regional drivers of accelerating CO2 emissions". Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 104 (24): 10288-93. doi:10.1073/pnas.0700609104.
  2. ^ China now no. 1 in CO2 emissions; USA in second position. Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  3. ^ "China Overtakes U.S. as No. 1 Emitter of Carbon Dioxide", Sci-Tech Today, 2006-06-21. 
  4. ^ Human Produced carbon dioxide only, total carbon dioxide in atmosphere is 2,700,000,000 thousand tons (See also: Carbon cycle)
  5. ^ Including American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands
  6. ^ Including San Marino
  7. ^ Including Monaco

See also

Energy Portal
  • List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions per capita
  • List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions per capita
  • List of countries by ratio of GDP to carbon dioxide emissions
  • Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change
  • Carbon cycle
  • Emission standard
  • Greenhouse gas emissions by the United States
  • Kyoto Protocol
  • World energy resources and consumption


  This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "List_of_countries_by_carbon_dioxide_emissions". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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