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List of plants used as medicine

Species Common name Pharmaceutical property Confirmation status[1]
Achillea millefolium Yarrow
Allium sativum Garlic Antibiotic (in vitro) Confirmed[2][3][4][5][6]
Cardiovascular health Unconfirmed[7]
Anethum graveolens Dill and Dill oil
Aquilaria agollocha Eaglewood
Artemisia annua L. Sweet sagewort
Artemisia absinthium L Wormwood
Aristolochia rotunda Smearwort
Arum Maculatum Lords and Ladies
Astragalus membranaceus Astragalus
Crataegus spp. Hawthorn
Digitalis lanata Balkan Foxglove Antiarrhythmic agent and inotrope Confirmed[8][9]
Echinacea purpurea Purple coneflower, and other species of Echinacea Reduce the severity and duration of symptoms associated with cold and flu. Unconfirmed[10]
Glycyrrhiza glabra Liquorice
Hydrastis canadensis Goldenseal
Hypericum perforatum St. John's Wort Antidepressant Confirmed w.r.t. placebo[11]
Denied in large controlled trial[12]
Marrubium vulgare Horehound Expectorant Unconfirmed
Matricaria recutita
(Chamomilla recutita)
Chamomile Relaxant/Calmative
Mentha × piperita Peppermint Irritable Bowel Syndrome/Peristalsis
Nepeta cataria Catnip
Passiflora spp. Passion-flower Insomnia
Phyolacca spp. Pokeweed Topical: acne Unconfirmed
Internal: tonsilitis Unconfirmed
Plantago spp. Plantain and Psyllium Astringent Unconfirmed
Salvia Stenophylla Blue Mountain Sage
Symphytum officinale Comfrey
Tanacetum parthenium
(Chrysanthemum parthenium)
Taraxacum officinale Dandelion Digestive Unconfirmed
Tilia spp. Lime Blossom
Urtica dioica Urtica dioica
Valeriana officinalis Valerian Sedative

See also


  1. ^ Properties that have been shown by rigorous scientific study are marked as "Confirmed". Those that have been shown not to apply are marked "Denied". All other properties are marked "Unconfirmed".
  2. ^ Nicole Johnston (April 2002). "Garlic: A Natural Antibiotic". Modern Drug Discovery 5 (4).
  3. ^ A. Prakash and J. Rao (1997). Botanical pesticides in agriculture. CRC Press. USA. 
  4. ^ Cai Y, Wang R, Pei F, Liang BB (2007). "Antibacterial activity of allicin alone and in combination with beta-lactams against Staphylococcus spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". J. Antibiot. 60 (5): 335-8. PMID 17551215.
  5. ^ Eja ME, Asikong BE, Abriba C, Arikpo GE, Anwan EE, Enyi-Idoh KH (2007). "A comparative assessment of the antimicrobial effects of garlic (Allium sativum) and antibiotics on diarrheagenic organisms". Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health 38 (2): 343-8. PMID 17539285.
  6. ^ Tessema B, Mulu A, Kassu A, Yismaw G (2006). "An in vitro assessment of the antibacterial effect of garlic (Allium sativum) on bacterial isolates from wound infections". Ethiop. Med. J. 44 (4): 385-9. PMID 17370439.
  7. ^ The proposed cardiovascular benefits of garlic have been the subject of significant clinical research, with sometimes conflicting results. At present, any clinical benefit in terms of cardiovascular health remains unconfirmed. See:
    • Rahman K, Lowe GM (2006). "Garlic and cardiovascular disease: a critical review". J. Nutr. 136 (3 Suppl): 736S-740S. PMID 16484553.
    • Gardner CD, Lawson LD, Block E, et al (2007). "Effect of raw garlic vs commercial garlic supplements on plasma lipid concentrations in adults with moderate hypercholesterolemia: a randomized clinical trial". Arch. Intern. Med. 167 (4): 346-53. doi:10.1001/archinte.167.4.346. PMID 17325296.
  8. ^ Lip, GYH, Watson, RDS, & Singh, SP (1995). "ABC of Atrial Fibrillation: DRUGS FOR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION". British Medical Journal 311: 1631-1634.
  9. ^ Note: Digitalis use in the United States is controlled by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and can only be prescribed by a physician. Misuse can cause death
  10. ^ Roxas M, Jurenka J (2007). "Colds and influenza: a review of diagnosis and conventional, botanical, and nutritional considerations". Alternative medicine review : a journal of clinical therapeutic 12 (1): 25-48. PMID 17397266.
  11. ^ Gaster, B & Holroyd, J (2000). "St John's wort for depression: a systematic review.". Archives of Internal Medicine 160 (2): 152-6. PMID 10647752.
  12. ^ Davidson, J et al. (2002). "Effect of Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort) in Major Depressive Disorder". Journal of the American Medical Association 287 (14): 1807-1814.

External links for medicinal herbs

  • NIH National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "List_of_plants_used_as_medicine". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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