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Microelectrophoresis is a method of studying electrophoresis of various dispersed particles using optical microscopy. This method provides image of moving particles, which is its unique advantage.

Complexity of this method is associated with electro-osmosis generated by electric field influence on the double layers of the sample cell walls. In the usually used closed cells this creates Poiseuille type back flow, leading to parabolic velocity profile. There are two stationary layers, where fluid does not move. Position of these stationary layer regarding cell walls depends on the cell geometry. It is possible to focus microscope on this stationary layers and observe particles motion not affected with electro-osmosis.

The second complexity comes from necessity of diluting sample, if it was initially concentrated. Concentration must be sufficiently low for observing individual particles.

Measurement in the low polar fluids present additional problems. These systems have low conductivity and low dielectric permittivity. Electrophoretic mobility is low and this requires high electric field, by factor 10 and higher.

Details of this method are presented in IUPAC Technical Report [1] prepared by a group of most known world experts on the electrokinetic phenomena.


  1. ^ ”Measurement and Interpretation of Electrokinetic Phenomena”, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Technical Report, published in Pure Appl.Chem., vol 77, 10, pp.1753-1805, 2005
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Microelectrophoresis". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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