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In a similar way, molecularly imprinted materials are prepared using a template molecule and functional monomers that assemble around the template and subsequently get crosslinked to each other. The functional monomers, which are self-assembled around the template molecule by interaction between functional groups on both the template and monomers, are polymerized to form an imprinted matrix (commonly known in the scientific community as a molecularly imprinted polymer i.e. MIP). Then the template molecule is removed from the matrix under certain conditions, leaving behind a cavity complementary in size and shape to the template. The obtained cavity can work as a selective binding site for a specific template molecule.
In recent decades, the molecular imprinting technique has been developed for use in receptors, chromatographic separations, fine chemical sensing, etc. Taking advantage of the shape selectivity of the cavity, use in catalysis for certain reactions has also been facilitated.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Molecular_imprinting". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|