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Natural uranium



Natural uranium (NU) refers to refined uranium with the same [isotopic ratio] as found in nature. It contains 0.7 % uranium-235, 99.3 % uranium-238, and a trace of uranium-234 by weight. In terms of the amount of radioactivity, approximately 2.2 % comes from uranium-235, 48.6 % uranium-238, and 49.2 % uranium-234.

Additional recommended knowledge

Natural uranium can be used to fuel both low- and high-power reactors. Historically, graphite moderated reactors and heavy water moderated reactors have been fueled with natural uranium in the pure metal (U) or uranium dioxide (UO2) ceramic forms, however experimental fuelings with uranium trioxide (UO3) and triuranium octaoxide, (U3O8) have shown promise.[1]

The 0.72% U-235 is not sufficient to produce a self-sustaining critical chain reaction in light water reactors or nuclear weapons; these applications must use enriched uranium. In rare occasions, uranium ore was found to have naturally engaged in fission, forming natural nuclear fission reactors.

During the Manhattan Project, the name tuballoy was used to refer to natural uranium in the refined condition; this term is still in occasional use at present.

See also

References

  • Design Parameters for a Natural Uranium Fueled Nuclear Reactor, C. M. Hopper et al, ORNL/TM-2002/240, November 2002.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Natural_uranium". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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