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Nessler's reagent

Neßler's reagent is a reagent named after Julius Neßler and is used to detect small amounts of ammonia. It is a 0.09 mol/L solution of potassium tetraiodomercurate(II) (K2[HgI4]) in 2.5 mol/L potassium hydroxide. A yellow coloration indicates the presence of ammonia: at higher concentrations, a brown precipitate may form. The sensitivity as a spot test is about 0.3 μg NH3 in 2 μL.

NH4+ + 2[HgI4]2 + 4OH → HgO·Hg(NH2)I + 7I + 3H2O

Additional recommended knowledge



It is toxic if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. It presents a neurological hazard and may act as a carcinogen and be a reproductive hazard. It is corrosive and causes burns.

Other names

Neßler's solution, mercuric potassium iodide, mercury(II) potassium iodide, Channing's solution, potassium mercuric iodide, potassium tetraiodomercurate(II)


Neßler's reagent is generally prepared from potassium iodide and mercury(II) chloride. Hot concentrated solution of mercury(II) chloride is added to concentrated solution of potassium iodide, until the precipitate of mercury(II) iodide stops dissolving. The liquid is filtered, and potassium hydroxide and a further bit of mercury(II) chloride solution are added. The resulting solution is then cooled and diluted to required concentration. [1]


  • Svehla, G. (1979). Vogel's Textbook of Macro and Semimicro Qualitative Inorganic Analysis, London:Longman. ISBN 0-582-44367-9
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nessler's_reagent". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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