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Nonivamide, also known as pelargonic acid vanillylamide, PAVA, nonylic vanillylamide, N-[4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzyl]nonanamide, N-vanillylnonamide, nonylic acid vanillyl amide, vanillyl pelargonic amide, pelargonyl vanillyl amide, and pseudocapsaicin, an organic compound, is a capsaicinoid, an amide of pelargonic acid and vanillylamine. Its CAS number is [618-92-8] and its SMILES structure is Oc1c(OC)cc(CNC(CCCCCCCC)=O)cc1.  It is an irritant. It is present in chili peppers. It is also commonly manufactured synthetically. It is more heat-stable than capsaicin.
Additional recommended knowledge
Nonivamide is used as a food additive to add pungency to seasonings, flavorings, and spice blends. It is also used in confectionary industry to create hot sensation, and in pharmaceutical industry in some formulations.
In chemical weapons industry, nonivamide finds use as the active ingredient of oleoresin capsicum based riot control agents, e.g. some pepper sprays.
Categories: Lachrymatory agents | Riot control agents | Capsaicinoids
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nonivamide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|