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Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Abich

Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Abich (December 11, 1806 – July 1, 1886) was a German mineralogist and geologist.

He was born at Berlin and educated at the local university. His earliest scientific work is related to spinels and other minerals. Later he made special studies of fumaroles, of the mineral deposits around volcanic vents, and of the structure of volcanoes. In 1842 he was appointed professor of mineralogy in the university of Dorpat (Tartu), and henceforth gave attention to the geology and mineralogy of Russia. Residing for some time at Tiflis, he investigated the geology of the Caucasus. Ultimately he retired to Vienna, where he died. The mineral Abichite was named after him.

Publications.--- Vues illustratives de quelques phenomenes geologiques, prises sur le Vesuve et l'Etna, pendant les annees 1833 et 1834 (Berlin, 1836); Ueber die Natur und den Zusammenhang der vulcanischen Bildungen (Brunswick, 1841); Geologische Forschungen in den Kaukasischen Ländern (3 vols., Vienna, 1878, 1882, and 1887).


Moreover, Christianity proved to be the factor which first contributed to the development of the nation and later the force which maintained and preserved it and in that way became its guardian. According to the Austrian researcher H. Abich “…and it is because of this that the Armenian people, under the influence of Christianity, reached a high level of cultural development and,, until the present time, have played an important symbolical role in the history of humanity.” [1]


Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Abich, Otto Wilhelm Hermann von.
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  1. ^ H. Abich, Aus Kaukasischen L�ndern, Wein, 1896, vol. I

Further reading

  • Tikhomirov, V.V. (1970). "Abich, Otto Hermann Wilhelm". Dictionary of Scientific Biography 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 19-21. 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Otto_Wilhelm_Hermann_von_Abich". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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