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Pentane interference or syn-pentane interaction is the steric hindrance that the two terminal methyl groups experience in one of the chemical conformations of n-pentane. The possible conformations are combinations of anti conformations and gauche conformations and are anti-anti, anti-gauche+, gauche+ - gauche+ and gauche+ - gauche− of which the last one is especially energetically unfavorable. In macromolecules such as polyethylene pentane interference occurs between every fifth carbon atom. In cyclohexane derivatives, this type of interaction is called the 1,3-diaxial interaction. Pentane interference helps explain molecular geometries of many chemical compounds.
Additional recommended knowledge
For instance in certain aldol adducts with 2,6-disubstituted aryl groups the molecular geometry has the vicinal hydrogen atoms in an antiperiplanar configuration both in a crystal lattice (X-ray diffraction) and in solution proton (NMR coupling constants) normally reserved for the most bulky groups i.d. both arenes :
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Pentane_interference". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|