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Percus-Yevick approximation

In statistical mechanics the Percus-Yevick approximation is a closure relation to solve the Ornstein-Zernike equation. It is also referred to as the Percus-Yevick equation. It is commonly used in fluid theory to obtain e.g. expressions for the radial distribution function.


The direct correlation function represents the direct correlation between two particles in a system containing N − 2 other particles. It can be represented by

c(r)=g_{\rm total}(r) - g_{\rm indirect}(r)     \,

where gtotal(r) is the radial distribution function, i.e. g(r) = exp[ − βw(r)] (with w(r) the potential of mean force) and gindirect(r) is the radial distribution function without the direct interaction between pairs u(r) included; i.e. we write gindirect(r) = exp − β[w(r) − u(r)]. Thus we approximate c(r) by

c(r)=e^{-\beta w(r)}- e^{-\beta[w(r)-u(r)]}     \,

If we introduce the function y(r) = eβu(r)g(r) into the approximation for c(r) one obtains

c(r)=g(r)-y(r)=e^{-\beta u}y(r)-y(r)=f(r)y(r)   \,

This is the essence of the Percus-Yevick approximation for if we substitute this result in the Ornstein-Zernike equation, one obtains the Percus-Yevick equation:

y(r_{12})=1+\rho \int f(r_{13})y(r_{13})h(r_{23}) d \mathbf{r_{3}}   \,

See also

• Hypernetted Chain equation - another closure relation

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Percus-Yevick_approximation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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