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Pharmaceutical glaze

Pharmaceutical glaze is an alcohol based solution of various types of Food Grade Shellac. It is also known as confectioners glaze, resinous glaze, pure food glaze and natural glaze. Since the primary ingredient carries a negative connotation, these are euphemismistically derived phrases to what is described in the manufacturing as beetle juice due to its derivation from the lac insect Coccus lacca.

This is used by the drug and nutritional supplement industry as a coating material for tablets and capsules. It serves to improve the products appearance, extend shelf life and protect it from moisture, as well as provide a solid finishing film for preprint coatings. It also serves to mask unpleasant odors and aid in the swallowing of the tablet.

The Shellac coating is insoluble in stomach acid and may make the tablet difficult for the body to break down or assimilate. For this reason it can also be used as an ingredient in time-released, sustained or delayed action pills. Shellac may have as much acetone as an equivalent amount of nail polish. The product is listed on the FDA's inactive ingredient list and has been accepted as safe. It is generally regarded as an acceptable ingredient to a pharmaceutical-grade tablet, and is used in quality manufactured products in a GMP environment.

A competitive nonanimal-based product is Zein which is a corn protein.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Pharmaceutical_glaze". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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