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Philip S. Skell



Philip S. Skell is an American chemist, emeritus Evan Pugh Professor at Pennsylvania State University, and member of the United States National Academy of Sciences (appointed in 1977).

Additional recommended knowledge

During World War II, at the National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research and as a post-doc at the University of Illinois, Skell took part in the early work on the production of Penicillin.

At Penn State, Skell's field of research were then hypothetical very short-lived Reaction intermediates like free radicals, Carbonium ions, Tricarbon and Carbene, whose existence and properties he could demonstrate by use of Chemical traps. Applying new experimental techniques he was able to examine the chemical properties of single free atoms rather than atoms in compound. His contributions have been characterized as follows:

Another class of intermediates, containing divalent carbon atoms, were suggested by John Nef early in this century but his ideas were generally rejected. However, the concept was revived with vigor when Philip Skell showed that: CCl2, dichlorocarbone, was formed as a reaction intermediate. Carbene chemistry almost immediately became the subject of extensive physical organic research.[1]
Philip S. Skell, sometimes called "the father of carbene chemistry," is widely known for the "Skell Rule," which was first applied to carbenes, the "fleeting species" of carbon. The rule, which predicts the most probable pathway through which certain chemical compounds will be formed, found use throughout the pharmaceutical and chemical industries.[2]

Philip S. Skell is a signatory of A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism.

Publications

  1. ^ George S. Hammond, Physical organic chemistry after 50 years: It has changed, but is it still there?, Pure & Appl. Chem., Vol. 69, No. 9, pp. 1919-1922,1997
  2. ^ History of Research at Penn State 1960-1984

References

  1. ^ George S. Hammond, Physical organic chemistry after 50 years: It has changed, but is it still there?, Pure & Appl. Chem., Vol. 69, No. 9, pp. 1919-1922,1997
  2. ^ History of Research at Penn State 1960-1984
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Philip_S._Skell". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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