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Prilocaine (pronounced /ˈpraɪloʊkeɪn/) is a local anesthetic of the amino amide type. In its injectable form (trade name Citanest), it is often used in dentistry. It is also often combined with lidocaine as a preparation for dermal anesthesia (lidocaine/prilocaine or EMLA). As it has low cardiac toxicity, it is commoly used for intravenous regional anaesthesia (IVRA).
Additional recommended knowledge
In some patients, a metabolite of prilocaine may cause the unusual side-effect of methaemoglobinaemia.
Maximum dosage for dental use: 6.0mg/kg (2.7mg/lb), with a maximum dose of 400mg.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Prilocaine". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|