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The Réaumur scale (°Ré, °Re, °R) is a temperature scale named after René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, who first proposed it in 1731. The freezing point of water is 0 degrees Réaumur, the boiling point 80 degrees Réaumur. Hence, for converting a temperature expressed in degrees Réaumur to degrees Celsius one multiplies the temperature in degrees Réaumur by 1.25 (In formula: °C = 1.25 × °R). For calculating a temperature to Kelvin: K = 1.25 × °R + 273.15.
Additional recommended knowledge
The Réaumur temperature scale is also known as the octogesimal division (division octogesimale in French).
Réaumur’s thermometer was constructed on the principle of taking the freezing point of water as 0°, and graduating the tube into degrees each of which was one-thousandth of the volume contained by the bulb and tube up to the zero mark. It was the dilatability of the particular quality of alcohol employed which made the boiling point of water 80°. Mercurial thermometers, the stems of which are graduated into eighty equal parts between the freezing and boiling points of water, are not Réaumur thermometers in anything but name. Réaumur may have chosen the octogesimal division because the number 80 could be halved 4 times and still be an integer (40, 20, 10, 5); the number 100, for instance, could only suffer this process twice (50, 25).
The Réaumur scale saw widespread use in Europe, particularly in France and Germany (as well as Russia – as in works of Dostoyevsky), but was eventually replaced by the Celsius scale. Today it is only of historical significance.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Réaumur_scale". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|