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Primary, secondary, tertiary, and benzylic alcohols, as well as tert-butyl acetate, also successfully react with nitriles in the presence of strong acids to form amides via the Ritter reaction.
The Ritter reaction proceeds by the electrophilic addition of either the carbenium ion 2 or covalent species to the nitrile. The resulting nitrilium ion 3 is hydrolyzed by water to the desired amide 5.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ritter_reaction". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|