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Rosa × damascena, more commonly known as the Damask rose or simply as "Damask" is a rose hybrid, derived from Rosa gallica and Rosa moschata (Huxley 1992).
Additional recommended knowledge
It is a deciduous shrub growing to 2.2 m tall, the stems densely armed with stout, curved prickles and stiff bristles. The leaves are pinnate, with five (rarely seven) leaflets.
It is considered an important type of Old Rose, also for their prominent place in the pedigree of many other types.
The crusader Robert de Brie is given credit for bringing them from Persia to Europe sometime between 1254 and 1276. The name refers to Damascus, a major city in the region.
They are renowned for their fine fragrance, and their flowers are commercially harvested for rose oil used in perfumery. The perfume industry often refers to this note as Damascus rose.
The hybrid is divided in two varieties (Huxley 1992):
A still popular example of R. × damascena is the Ispahan rose
The hybrid Rosa × centifolia is derived in part from Rosa × damascena
References and external links
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rosa_damascena". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|