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Rubidium silver iodide
Rubidium silver iodide, formula RbAg4I5, is an unusually conductive crystal, with the conductivity involving movement of the silver ions within the crystal lattice. It was discovered while searching for chemicals which had the ionic-conductivity properties of alpha-phase silver iodide at temperatures below the 146 °C for AgI.
Additional recommended knowledge
It can be formed by melting together or grinding together stoichiometric quantities of rubidium iodide and silver (I) iodide. The published conductivity is 25 siemens per metre (IE a 1mm x 1mm x 1cm bar would have a resistance of 400 ohms along the long axis).
The crystal structure is composed of sets of iodine tetrahedra sharing faces, through which the silver ions are able to diffuse.
It was proposed around 1970 as a solid electrolyte for batteries, and has been used in conjunction with electrodes of silver and of RbI3.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rubidium_silver_iodide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|