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Rubidium silver iodide



Rubidium silver iodide, formula RbAg4I5, is an unusually conductive crystal, with the conductivity involving movement of the silver ions within the crystal lattice. It was discovered while searching for chemicals which had the ionic-conductivity properties of alpha-phase silver iodide at temperatures below the 146 °C for AgI.[1]

Additional recommended knowledge

It can be formed by melting together[2] or grinding together[3] stoichiometric quantities of rubidium iodide and silver (I) iodide. The published conductivity is 25 siemens per metre (IE a 1mm x 1mm x 1cm bar would have a resistance of 400 ohms along the long axis).

The crystal structure is composed of sets of iodine tetrahedra sharing faces, through which the silver ions are able to diffuse.[4]

It was proposed around 1970 as a solid electrolyte for batteries, and has been used in conjunction with electrodes of silver and of RbI3.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Smart, Lesley and Elaine A. Moore (2005). Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction. CRC Press, p. 192. ISBN 0748775161. 
  2. ^ Popov, A. S.; Kostandinov, I. Z.; Mateev, M. D.; Alexandrov, A. P.; Regel, Liia L. (May 1990). "Phase analysis of RbAg4I5 crystals grown in microgravity". Microgravity Science and Technology 3: 41-43. Bibcode: 1990MiST....3...41P.
  3. ^ Peng H.; Machida N. Shigematsu T. (2002). "Mechano-chemical Synthesis of RbAg4I5 and KAg4I5 Crystals and Their Silver Ion Conducting Properties". Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy 49 (2): 69-74.
  4. ^ Geller, S. (July 1967). "Crystal Structure of the Solid Electrolyte, RbAg4I5". Science 157 (3786): 310-312. doi:10.1126/science.157.3786.310.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rubidium_silver_iodide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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