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Piroxicam (marketed in the U.S. under the trade name Feldene) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to relieve the symptoms of rheumatoid and osteoarthritis, primary dysmenorrhoea, postoperative pain; and act as an analgesic, especially where there is an inflammatory component. It is also used in veterinary medicine to treat certain neoplasias expressing cyclooxygenase (COX) receptors, such as bladder, colon, and prostate cancers.
Additional recommended knowledge
Other brand names for Piroxicam include "Brexin," "Erazon," "Felden", "Feldoral," "Hotemin," "Pirox von ct," "Proponol," "Reumador," "Veral," and "Vurdon."
Mechanism of action
Piroxicam is an NSAID and, as such, is a non-selective COX inhibitor possessing both analgesic and antipyretic properties. It undergoes entero-hepatic circulation.
Piroxicam use can result in gastrointestinal toxicity, tinnitus, dizziness, headache, rash, and pruritus. The most severe adverse reactions are peptic ulceration and gastrointestinal bleeding. Approximately 30% of all patients receiving daily doses of 20 mg of piroxicam experience side effects.
Piroxicam may cause skin to become more sensitive to sunlight. Avoidance of sunlight and use of sunscreen is recommended.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Piroxicam". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|