Zomepirac is an orally effective NSAID that has antipyretic actions. It was developed by McNeil Pharmaceutical and approved by the FDA in 1980 and sold as the sodium salt, zomepirac sodium, under the brand name Zomax. Due to its clinical effectiveness, it was preferred by doctors in many situations and obtained a large share of the anagesics market; however, it was subsequently withdrawn in March 1983 due to its tendency to cause serious anaphylaxis in an unpredictable subset of the patient population.
Zomepirac was indicated for the management of mild to severe pain. Multiple clinical trials demonstrated zomepirac to be more effective than aspirin or codeine alone and to be as effective as analgesic combinations containing codeine or other narcotics. Zomepirac provided analgesia comparable with usual intramuscular doses of morphine in postoperative pain and that with long-term use, neither tolerance to its analgesic effect nor psychological or physical dependence had been demonstrated.
Zomepirac is the sodium salt of 5-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-1,4 dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-acetate dihydrate. It is a pyrrole-acetic acid which is structurally related to tolmetin.
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^ Mark P. Grillo and Fengmei Hua, IDENTIFICATION OF ZOMEPIRAC-S-ACYL-GLUTATHIONE IN VITRO IN INCUBATIONS WITH RAT HEPATOCYTES AND IN VIVO IN RAT BILE, Drug Metabolism and Disposition, August 19, 2003
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^ DC McLeod, Zomepirac (Zomax, McNeil Pharmaceutical), Drug Intelligence & Clinical Pharmacy: Vol. 15, No. 7, pp. 522-530.