In general, a
sieve separates wanted/desired elements from unwanted material using a tool such as a mesh, net or other filtration or distillation methods. The word "sift" derives from this term. A strainer is a type of sieve typically associated with separating liquids from solids.
Sieve may mean:
Additional recommended knowledge
a colander, a (typically) bowl-shaped sieve used as a strainer in cooking
a chinoise, or conical sieve used as a strainer, also sometimes used like a food mill.
a tamis, also known as a drum sieve
a zaru, or bamboo sieve, used in Japanese cooking
a flour sifter, used in baking
a cocktail strainer, a bar accessory
in transport phenomena, see sieving coefficient
in the mining industry, a mesh used to separate fine particles from coarse ones
in sieve theory, a technique for counting or filtering sets of numbers
sieve of Eratosthenes
general number field sieve
a sieve (category theory), a way of writing down how objects in a category glue to give other one
Sieve (mail filtering language), a proposed standard for specifying mail filters
Sieve C++ Parallel Programming System, an auto-parallelizing compiler for C++
a stainless steel strainer, used in plumbing
in metaphor and simile, sieve may often be used to refer to things that are leaky, as a sieve used for a bowl.
In particular, in hockey, a goaltender who lets a lot of goals through is sometimes compared to a sieve. (In college hockey students chant the word "sieve" at the opposite goalie)
In basketball, a player who is a poor defender is sometimes referred to as a "sieve."
On rivers, a sieve or strainer is a dangerous obstacle that water can pass through, but people cannot. See Obstacle in whitewater canoing
the Sieve, a river in Italy