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Under light irradiation, water dropped onto titanium dioxide forms no contact angle (almost 0 degrees). This effect, called super hydrophilicity, was discovered in 1995. Super hydrophilic material has various advantages. For example, it can defog glass, and it can also enable oil spots to be swept away easily with water. Such materials are already commercialized as door mirrors for cars, coatings for buildings, etc.
Additional recommended knowledge
Several mechanisms of this super hydrophilicity have been proposed by researchers. One is the change of the surface structure to a metastable structure, and another is cleaning the surface by the photodecomposition of dirt such as organic compounds adsorbed on the surface, after either of which water molecules can adsorb to the surface. The mechanism is still controversial, and it is too soon to decide which suggestion is correct. To decide, atomic scale measurements and other studies will be necessary.
“Layer-by-Layer Assembly of TiO2 Nanoparticles for Stable Hydrophilic Biocompatible Coatings” Dinesh S. Kommireddy, Dr. Amish Patel, Tatsiana G. Shutava, David K. Mills, Yuri M. Lvov. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2005, 5, 1081-1087.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Super_hydrophilicity". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|