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Tetra-n-butylammonium fluoride or TBAF is a quaternary ammonium salt with the chemical formula (CH3CH2CH2CH2)4N+F-. It is commercially available as the trihydrate and as a solution in tetrahydrofuran.
Additional recommended knowledge
In the laboratory the compound is usually encountered in the latter form as a source of organic-soluble fluoride ion to remove silyl ether protecting groups. It is also used as a phase transfer catalyst and as a mild base.
As fluoride is such a strong hydrogen bond acceptor it is quite impossible to dry hydrated samples. Heating to 77 °C under vacuum causes decomposition to the hydrogen difluoride salt, and samples dried at 40 °C under high vacuum still contain 10-30 mol % of water and some 10 % of difluoride. Preparing anhydrous samples is of interest as the basicity of fluoride increases by more than 20 pK units on passing from aqueous to aprotic solvent. Recently, a preparation of anhydrous tetra-n-butylammonium fluoride from hexafluorobenzene and tetrabutylammonium cyanide has been reported. Despite the considerable basicity of "naked" fluoride ion, in the absence of water, solutions of the salt in acetonitrile and dimethyl sulfoxide are surprisingly stable towards elimination.
Categories: Quaternary ammonium compounds | Fluorides | Reagents for organic chemistry
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Tetra-n-butylammonium_fluoride". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|