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Théophile de Donder

Theophile Ernest de Donder [1872 – 1957] was a Belgian thermodynamicist, mathematician, and physicist famous for his 1923 work in developing correlations between the Newtonian concept of chemical affinity and the Gibbsian concept of free energy. He received his doctorate in physics and mathematics from the University of Brussels in 1899.[1] He is considered the father of thermodynamics of irreversible processes.[2] De Donder’s work was later developed further by Ilya Prigogine. De Donder was an associate and friend of Albert Einstein.


  • de Donder, T. (1936). Thermodynamic Theory of Affinity: A Book of Principles. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
  • de Donder, T. (1927). The Mathematical Theory of Relativity. Cambridge, MA: MIT

See also


  1. ^ Acad. Roy. Belg., Bull. Cl. Sc., page 169, 1968.
  2. ^ Perrot, Pierre (1998). A to Z of Thermodynamics. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198565569. 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Théophile_de_Donder". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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