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Thallium triiodide is a chemical compound of thallium and iodine with formula TlI3. Unlike the other thallium trihalides, which contain thallium(III), TlI3 is a thallium(I) compound and contains the triiodide ion, I3−. An appreciation as to why Tl+ is not oxidised to Tl3+ in the reaction:
Additional recommended knowledge
can be gained by considering the standard reduction potentials of the half cells which are:
The favoured reaction is therefore the reduction of Tl3+ (1.252 > 0.5355).
It should be noted that using standard electrode potentials in this way must be done with caution as factors such as complex formation and solvation may affect the reaction. TlI3 is no exception as it is possible to stabilise TlIII with excess I− forming the TlI4− ion.
Structure and preparation
TlI3 is formulated Tl+ I3−, and has a similar structure to NH4I3, CsI3 and RbI3. The triiodide ion in TlI3 is nearly linear but is asymmetric with one iodine−iodine bond longer than the other. For comparison the dimensions of the tri-iodide, Ia−Ib−Ic, ions in the different compounds are shown below:
TlI3 can be prepared by the evaporation of stoichiometric quantities of TlI and I2 in concentrated aqueous HI, or by reacting TlI with I2 in ethanol.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Thallium_triiodide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|