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A solvated electron is a free electron in (solvated in) a solution. Solvated electrons are widely occurring and are commonly proposed for reactions that occur in water. Solutions of alkali metals in ammonia are brightly coloured due to the presence of solvated electrons: blue when dilute and copper-colored when more concentrated (> 3 molar). Whereas a solution of solvated electrons is stable in ammonia for days, solvated electrons have a very short lifetime in water. Upon the addition of crown ether ligands, one can obtain salts of the solvated electrons. These salts are called electrides. A common use of sodium dissolved in liquid ammonia is the Birch reduction.
Additional recommended knowledge
The solvated electron is responsible for a great deal of radiation chemistry. One possible industrial application of radiation generated solvated electrons is the treatment of PCBs, the polychlorobiphenyls are converted to biphenyl and inorganic chloride.
With small molecules
The solvated electron reacts with oxygen to form a superoxide radical (O2.-), which is a potent oxidant. With nitrous oxide, solvated electrons react to form hydroxyl radicals (HO.). The solvated electrons can be scavenged from both aqueous and organic systems with nitrobenzene or sulfur hexafluoride.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Solvated_electron". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|