My watch list  


112 roentgeniumununbiumununtrium


Name, Symbol, Number ununbium, Uub, 112
Chemical series transition metals
Group, Period, Block 12, 7, d
Appearance unknown, probably silvery
white or metallic gray
liquid or colorless gas
Standard atomic weight (288)  g·mol−1
Electron configuration perhaps [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2
(guess based on mercury)
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 2
Phase unknown; possibly gas
CAS registry number 54084-26-3
Selected isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of ununbium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
283Uub syn

Ununbium (pronounced /juːˈnʌnbiəm/), or eka-mercury, is a temporary IUPAC systematic element name for a chemical element in the periodic table that has the temporary symbol Uub and the atomic number 112. Element 112 is one of the superheavy elements. Following periodic trends, one might expect a liquid metal more volatile than mercury. However, some experimental work so far indicates a gas[1] and theoretical considerations also point to properties more similar to a noble gas than to mercury.[1][2]

Ununbium was first created on February 9, 1996 at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany. This element was created by fusing a zinc-70 nucleus with a lead-208 nucleus by accelerating zinc nuclei into a lead target in a heavy ion accelerator. The two ununbium nuclei so produced had a mass number of 277.[3]

The element was synthesized in 2000 and 2004 in the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia.

In May 2006 in the JINR synthesis of this element was confirmed by another method. The isotope 282Uub was identified as a final product of this series of alpha decays:

\,^{294}_{118}\mathrm{Uuo} \to \,^{290}_{116}\mathrm{Uuh} \to \,^{286}_{114}\mathrm{Uuq} \to \,^{282}_{112}\mathrm{Uub}

It was found that the final nucleus undergoes spontaneous fission.[4] Spontaneous fission products are much smaller and irregular.

See also


  1. ^ a b Indication for a gaseous element 112.
  2. ^ "Chemistry of Hassium". Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung mbH (2002). Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  3. ^ S. Hofmann, V. Ninov, F. P. Heßberger, P. Armbruster, H. Folger, G. Münzenberg, H.J. Schött, A.G. Popeko, A.V. Yeremin, S. Saro, R. Janik, M. Leino. The new element 112. SpringerLink. Retrieved on 2007-07-03.
  4. ^ Oganessian, Yu. Ts.; Utyonkov, V.K.; Lobanov, Yu.V.; Abdullin, F.Sh.; Polyakov, A.N.; Sagaidak, R.N.; Shirokovsky, I.V.; Tsyganov, Yu.S.; Voinov, Yu.S.; Gulbekian, G.G.; Bogomolov, S.L.; B. N. Gikal, A. N. Mezentsev, S. Iliev; Subbotin, V.G.; Sukhov, A.M.; Subotic, K; Zagrebaev, V.I.; Vostokin, G.K.; Itkis, M. G.; Moody, K.J; Patin, J.B.; Shaughnessy, D.A.; Stoyer, M.A.; Stoyer, N.J.; Wilk, P.A.; Kenneally, J.M.; Landrum, J.H.; Wild, J.H.; and Lougheed, R.W. (2006-10-09). "Synthesis of the isotopes of elements 118 and 116 in the 249Cf and 245Cm+48Ca fusion reactions". Physical Review C 74 (4): 044602. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.74.044602. Retrieved on 2006-10-16.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ununbium". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE