My watch list
my.chemeurope.com  
Login  

18-Crown-6



18-Crown-6
IUPAC name 1,4,7,10,13,16-hexaoxacyclooctadecane
Identifiers
CAS number 17455-13-9
SMILES C1OCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOC1
Properties
Molecular formula C12H24O6
Molar mass 264.122 g/mol
Density 1.237 g/cm³
Melting point

37-40 °C

Boiling point

116 °C (0.2 Torr)

Related Compounds
Related compounds Dibenzo-18-crown-6
Triglyme
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

18-Crown-6 is an organic compound with the formula [C2H4O]6 and the IUPAC name of 1,4,7,10,13,16-hexaoxacyclooctadecane. The compound is a crown ether. Crown ethers coordinate some metal ions in their central cavity, and 18-crown-6 displays an affinity for potassium ions.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Applications

Crown ethers are useful as phase transfer catalysts.[1] In the presence of 18-crown-6 potassium permanganate dissolves in benzene, although this application is eclipsed by the use of quaternary ammonium/phosphonium salts.

Crown ethers can also be used to change the properties of inorganic compounds in organic solution. For example, in the presence of 18-crown-6, potassium acetate is a more powerful nucleophile in organic solvents than potassium acetate alone.

It can be purified by distillation, where its tendency to supercool becomes evident. Rigorously dry material can be made by dissolving the compound in THF followed by the addition of NaK to give [K(18-crown-6)]Na, an alkalide. Other ligands for alkali metal cations include cryptands and acyclic polyethers.

Synthesis

The synthesis of the crown ethers led to the Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Charles J. Pedersen. Several methods exist: Williamson ether synthesis, oligomerization of ethylene oxide in the presence of a template.

Related compounds

A related and generally superior complexant for alkali metal cations is dibenzo-18-crown-6.

References

  1. ^ Liotta, C. L.; Berknerin, J. "18-Crown-6" in Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis (Ed: L. Paquette) 2004, J. Wiley & Sons, New York. doi:10.1002/047084289
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "18-Crown-6". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE