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Aaron Klug



Aaron Klug
BornAugust 11 1926 (1926-08-11) (age 86)
Želva, Lithuania
Nationality United Kingdom
FieldBiophysics, chemistry
Notable prizesNobel Prize in Chemistry

Sir Aaron Klug, OM, FRS (born 11 August 1926) is a Lithuanian-born British chemist and biophysicist, and winner of the 1982 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes.[1]

Additional recommended knowledge

Biography

Klug was born in Želva, Lithuania and moved to South Africa at the age of two where he later graduated with a degree in science at the University of Witwatersrand and studied crystallography at the University of Cape Town before moving to England, completing his doctorate at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1953.

Career

Working with Rosalind Franklin in John Bernal's lab at Birkbeck aroused a lifelong interest in the study of viruses, and during his time there in the late 1950s he made discoveries in the structure of the tobacco mosaic virus. Over the following decade Klug used methods from X-ray diffraction, microscopy and structural modelling to develop crystallographic electron microscopy in which a sequence of two-dimensional images of crystals taken from different angles are combined to produce three-dimensional images of the target.

He was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University in 1981. Between 1986 and 1996 he was director of the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, and was knighted in 1988. Sir Aaron was elected President of the Royal Society, and served from 1995-2000. He was appointed OM in 1995.

In 2005 Aaron was awarded South Africa's Order of Mapungubwe (gold) for exceptional achievements in medical science.[2]

References

  1. ^ The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (18 October 1982). "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1982". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-09-13.
  2. ^ National Orders awards 27 September 2005. State of South Africa (29 September 2005). Retrieved on 2007-09-13.


Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Michael Atiyah
President of the Royal Society
1995–2000
Succeeded by
The Lord May of Oxford
Persondata
NAME Klug, Aaron
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION chemist, biophysicist
DATE OF BIRTH August 11, 1926
PLACE OF BIRTH Želva, Lithuania
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Aaron_Klug". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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