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Allyl alcohol



Allyl alcohol
Molecular formula C3H6O
Molar mass 58.08 g/mol
CAS number 107-18-6
Density 0.854 g/ml
Solubility Miscible
Melting point

−129 °C

Boiling point

97 °C

SMILES OCC=C
InChI InChI=1/C3H6O/c1-
2-3-4/h2,4H,1,3H2
Hazards
EU classification Toxic (T)
Dangerous for
the environment (N)
EU Index 603-015-00-6
NFPA 704
3
3
0
 
R-phrases R10, R23/24/25,
R36/37/38, R50
S-phrases (S1/2), S36/37/39,
S38, S45, S61
Flash point 21 °C
Autoignition
temperature
378 °C
Explosive limits 2.5–18.0%
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Allyl alcohol or 2-propen-1-ol is an organic compound with the formula CH2=CHCH2OH. It is a water soluble, colourless liquid with an ethanol like odour at low concentrations and a mustard-like pungent odour at higher concentration. Allyl alcohol is used as a pesticide and as a raw material for the production of many chemical compounds.

Additional recommended knowledge

Allyl alcohol can be obtained by many methods: hydrolysis of allyl chloride, by oxidation of propylene oxide with potassium alum at high temperature, dehydrogenation of propanol, and the by reaction of glycerol and formic acid. Allyl alcohol is the smallest representative of the allylic alcohols. Allyl alcohols in general can be prepared by allylic oxidation of allyl compounds by for instance selenium dioxide.

Safety

The compound is toxic and flammable, see MSDS.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Allyl_alcohol". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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