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Aniline Yellow, also known as para-aminoazobenzene, 4-phenylazoaniline, AAB, Brasilazina oil Yellow G, Ceres Yellow R, Fast spirit Yellow, Induline R, Oil Yellow AAB, Oil Yellow AN, Oil Yellow B, Oil Yellow 2G, Oil Yellow R, Organol Yellow, Organol Yellow 2A, Solvent Yellow 1, Somalia Yellow 2G, Stearix Brown 4R, Sudan Yellow R, Sudan Yellow RA, and C.I. 11000, is a yellow azo dye and an aromatic amine. It is a derivate of azobenzene. It has the appearance of an orange powder.
Additional recommended knowledge
Its CAS number is [60-09-3] and its SMILES structure is Nc1ccc(N=Nc2ccccc2)cc1. Its EINECS number is 200-453-6.
It is a carcinogen. 
Aniline Yellow is used in microscopy for vital staining, in pyrotechnics for yellow colored smokes, in yellow pigments and inks including inks for inkjet printers. It is also used in insecticides, lacquers, varnishes, waxes, oil stains, and styrene resins. It is also an intermediate in synthesis of other dyes, eg. chrysoidine, induline, Solid Yellow, and Acid Yellow.
Aniline Yellow was the first azo dye. it was first produced in 1861 by C. Mene. The second azo dye was Bismarck Brown in 1863. Aniline Yellow was commercialized in 1864 as the first commercial azo dye, a year after Aniline Black. It is manufactured from aniline.
Aniline Yellow was involved in the 1981 Spanish Toxic Oil Syndrome (TOS). A Madrid-based company imported denaturated rapeseed oil, dyed by aniline yellow to mark it as unsuitable for human consumption, to be used as a fuel in steel mills. However, the company distilled the oil to remove the dye, and sold it as a much more valuable olive oil for cooking. The result was a rash of pneumonia-type illnesses, with a second stage with lesions, weight loss, paralysis, and muscle wasting. The net result was over 20,000 sick and 400 dead. The chemistry of the poisonous reaction is still subject of a debate. 
Categories: Amines | Aromatic compounds | Azo dyes | Vital stains | Solvent dyes
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Aniline_Yellow". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|